Kurdish Siamand Bukani Executed in Ardabil

Nov. 20, 2023, 4:55 p.m.

Iran Human Rights (IHRNGO); November 20, 2023: Siamand Bukani, a Kurdish man sentenced to death for drug-related charges, was executed in Ardabil Central Prison.

According to information obtained by Iran Human Rights, a Kurdish man was executed in Ardabil Central Prison on 20 November. His identity has been established as 40-year-old Siamand Bukani (Ostovar) from the village of Dangaz.

He had two children and had been arrested in Ardabil around two years ago. Siamand was sentenced to death for drug-related charges by the Revolutionary Court.

Siamand Bukani was transferred to solitary confinement in preparation for his execution on 17 November along with a murder death row prisoner. The other prisoner was returned to his cell after obtaining a one-month extension in his case.

At the time of writing, his execution has not been reported by domestic media or officials in Iran.

Drug-related executions have continuously risen every year for the past three years. At least 305 people were executed for drug-related charges between 1 January-10 October 2023, a 69% increase compared to the same period in 2022, and the number of drug-related executions in 2023 were close to 20 times higher than 2020.

The number of drug executions dramatically dropped in 2018 following a 2017 Amendment to the Anti-Narcotics Laws. Consequently, drug executions ranged between 24-30 per annum between 2018-2020. The Amendment was reversed in practice in 2021 when executions increased ten-fold to 126 in 2021 and doubled again in 2022 with 256 drug-related executions. On 13 September 2023, IHRNGO reported a 94% rise in the number of drug-related executions in the year following the start of the “Woman, Life, Freedom” movement in September 2022.