Iran Human Rights, July 9: According to a list published by Amnesty International today, more than 150 juvenile offenders are on the death row in Iran. The list includes names of 5 girls and more than 130 boys, while names of at least 3 Iranians and 16 Afghans on the death row in the Iranian prisons are missing. This list is based on the information collected by Amnesty International, Emadeddin Baghi, Iran Human Rights, Stop Child Executions and human rights defenders in Iran. Besides the 154 juvenile offenders on the death row in Iran, according to Amnesty International, there are 3 juvenile offenders on the death row in Saudi Arabia, 3 in Sudan and 1 in Yemen PLEASE HELP US COMPLETE AND IMPROVE THE LIST At least 11 juveniles have been executed in 2007 and 2 in 2008 in Iran.
KNOWN CHILD EXECUTIONS (2007, 2008) : IRAN (11) 2007 Makwan Moloudzadeh Male-17 (executed on December 5, 2007) Mohammad Mousavi, Male-16 (executed on April 22, 2007) Saeed Kamberzai, Male-17 (executed on May 28, 2007) Babak Rahimi, Male-17 (executed on October 17, 2007) Hossein Gharabaghloo, Male-16 (executed on October 17, 2007) 2 Afghan Boys executed in Iran (reported by BBC and Afghanistan Independent human rights commission) Mohammad Reza Tork (executed on November 15, 2007) Amir Houshang (executed on December 7, 2007)
2008 Javad Shojaee (executed on February 26, 2008) Mohammad Hassanzadeh (executed on June 10, 2008)
SAUDI ARABIA (1) Dhahian Rakan al-Sibai’i Male-15 (executed on July 21, 2007)
LIST OF THE JUVENILE OFFENDERS ON THE DEATH ROW BY JULY 2008:
IRAN The information below includes name, Age (at the time of alleged crime) name of the lower court and appeal court.
Girls (5) 1. Akram Alimohammad (Alias: Setayesh) 17 2. Delara Darabi 17 Rasht Branch 10, Rasht Judiciary Supreme Court - Tehran Delara Darabi, then aged 17, reportedly burgled the house of an elderly female relative on 29 September 2003 together with a 19-year-old man named Amir Hossein Sotoudeh. Amir Hossein allegedly killed the woman during the burglary. Delara Darabi initially confessed to the murder, but subsequently retracted her confession, claiming that Amir Hossein had asked her to admit responsibility for the murder to protect him from execution, believing that as she was under 18, she could not be sentenced to death. 3. Nazbibi Ateshbejan 16 Khoramabad Branch 107, Khoramabad Criminal Court, 1/May/2006 Supreme Court, 12/Feb/2006 From Semnan, she was sentenced for supplying drugs when she was 16 years old by Branch 107 of Khorramabad General Court on 1 May 2006. The sentence was confirmed by the Supreme Court on 12 February 2006. 4. Soghra Najafpour 13 Gilan Soghra Najafpour is accused of killing the 8 year old child of an doctor in the city of Rasht, where she lived with the family as a maid since the age of 9. Soghra was 13 years old at the time and denied the charges. She spent all of her adult life, 17 years, in prison and is now 30 years old. Soghra was released from prison on bail in the beginning of October 2007, but she was called by the Judiciary to return to prison within 5 days, after the family of the victim demanded Soghra’s execution, her family were notified that Soghra must report back to the prison authorities within 5 days. 5. Sara Islamshahr Tehran Criminal Court September, 2003
Boys (152): 1. Aadel 15 Esfahan Branch 17, Esfahan Esfahan criminal court branch 17 sentenced Adel, 15 to qesas for the murder of Alireza, 17.( No date for court hearing , reported byEtemade Meli on Wednesday 18/03/08) Adel killed Alireza on 15/10/07 in Falavarjan, a town near Esfahan province. 2. Ali Mahin Torabi 16 Karaj Branch 33, Special Public Court for Children, 30/October/2003 Branch 27, Supreme Court, 8/June/2004 Ali Mahin Torabi, from Karaj, faces execution for the killing of a schoolmate named Mazdak during a playground fight in Bani Hashemi High School in February 2003. Ali Mahin Torabi was 16 years old at the time. A Juvenile Court in Karaj sentenced Ali Mohin Torabi to qesas on 30 October 2003 and on 8 June 2004, Branch 27 of the Supreme Court upheld the sentence. Ali Mahin Torabi is in Reja’i Shahr prison in Karaj awaiting execution. 3. Abbas Karaj Branch 77, Tehran children’s court Supreme Court, 30/May/2006 4. Ali Moradzadeh Zagheh Qom 5. Abbass Hosseini 17 In July 2003 Abbas Hosseini was reportedly helping a man, a member of the Revolutionary Guard, to move furniture in his house. He says the man made sexual advances to him. Abbas Hosseini then managed to leave the house by promising that he would return with his girlfriend. In a fit of rage he returned to the house in order to “teach the man a lesson”. He lured the man outside, supposedly to meet the girlfriend, and stabbed him once with a knife. The man died shortly afterwards as a result of his injuries. He had been scheduled to be executed on 1 May 2005 then his execution was stayed until 8 May 2005 and finally his case was referred to the judiciary in Tehran for review. 6. Ahmad 17 Tehran Branch 71, Tehran General Court On 21 November 2007 Ahmad, 17, was sentenced to death by four judges of Branch 71 of Tehran General for the murder of his cousin Saeed. One judge believed Ahmad had acted in self-defence, however on verdict of majority of judges Ahmad was sentenced to qesas 7. Ali Nourmohammadi 16 Branch 24, Kermanshah Branch 6, Kermanshah Appeal Court Ali Nourmohammadi was 16 when he killed one of his cousins in a fight. He was sentenced to qesas by Branch 24 of General Court of Kermanshah, which has no jurisdiction over juvenile cases. All the other defendants in the case were over 18. Two others involved in the fight, Ali Nourmohammadi’s uncle and another cousin, were sentenced to diyeh for injuring Ali Nourmohammadi. The sentences were confirmed by Branch 6 of Kermanshah Appeal Court. Ali Nourmohammadi has been in prison for nine years hoping that the issue can be resolved within the family. 8. Abdolkhaleq Rakhshani Golestan Province Branch 2, Golestan Appeals Court, 16/March/2006 from Golestan, whose sentence to qesas was upheld by Branch 2 of the Golestan Appeal Court on 16 March 2006. 9. Ali (or Alinezar) Shabehzadeh 17 10. Abumoslem Sohrabi, Fars Branch 3, Firoozabad Court Branch 33,Supreme Court was 17 years old at the time when he was convicted of killing a 25 year- old named Amin in Firoozabad in Fars province 11. Alireza 17 Tehran case # 2102, Children´s Court, April 2002 12. Ahmad 16 Branh 74, Tehran Court Branch 11, Supreme Court, March 2008 Death sentence of another Iranian youth was verified by Iran’s superior court. According to Iran’s ISCANEWS, in August of 2006, 22 year old Mehdi was stabbed by 16 year old Ahmad and died in a Tehran hospital after 6 months. Now that Ahmad’s has reached the age of 18, his case was reviewed by the Iran’s Islamic superior court and he was sentenced to death by hanging. ISCANEWS reported that In his defense Ahmad told the court: "My father had an accident when I was only 16 years old and I went to visit him because he was bed confined at my step uncle’s home. The water pipe inside the house was broken and my step mother and female cousin had to go to street to wash the dishes (using the faucet outside) and I was watching them from the window. Mehdi and two of his friends who were sitting in the street started make wisecracks at them. My stepmom and cousin came inside the home and Mehdi and his friends sent a kid to enter our yard and check up on them. I went downstairs and told the boy to leave our home. At this time Mehdi and his friends came and started to beat me up until I fell and hit the dishes that were at the entrance door. While on the ground I saw a kitchen knife that was among the dishes and I picked it up to defend myself ". It is anticipated that Ahmad’s file will soon be sent to Iran’s head of Judiciary, Ayatollah Shahrudi for Estizan (permit to execute) 13. Alireza Movassali Roudi 16 Qom case # 4786-85 T, Qom Criminal Court from Qom, was sentenced to death for a murder committed when he was 16. 14. Ahmad Jabari 15 Khuzestan Branch 29, Supreme Court, case # 39/711 from Khuzestan, was sentenced to qesas for a killing committed when he was 15. The sentence was upheld by Branch 29 of the Supreme Court. 15. Amir Amrollahi 16 Shiraz Branch 5, Shiraz Penal Court Branch 27, Supreme Court, 10/Nov/2007 The murder took place in November 2006 during a fight with another boy, who was fatally stabbed. According to his lawyer, who took up his case very recently, Amir Amrollahi stabbed the other boy in the chest because he thought the other boy was about to attack him, and then panicked and ran off. Then, according to eyewitnesses, there was a delay of at least half an hour before any medical assistance reached the victim of the stabbing, by which time his wound had proved fatal. His family are poor, so Amir Amrollahi could not afford competent legal representation at his trial. According to a lawyer who recently took over his case, the court did not hear that the killing had been unintentional, or that he was prescribed heavy doses of sedatives while in prison awaiting trial. His mental state at the time of the incident was not properly considered. 16. Ahmad Mortazavian 15 Isfahan Esfahan General Court, January 2008 Ahmad Mortazavian allegedly stabbed another boy during a fight in 2007, when he was 15. He was sentenced by the penal court of Esfahan in January 2008 and he’s awaiting his appeal. 17. Amir Chalehchaleh 17 At the age of 17, Amir Chalehchaleh and two of his brothers became involved in a fight with another group during which a young person was killed. Amir Chalehchaleh was arrested and initially confessed but later denied that he had been the killer. He was sentenced to qesas.In his appeal, Amir Chalehchaleh refuted his confession and identified one of his brothers as the killer. The brother had been released on bail and subsquently disappeared. The court rejected Amir Chalehchaleh’s appeal and sentenced him to qesas.The Supreme Court initially rejected the verdict on account of deficiencies in the investigation and the prosecution case, but subsequently confirmed it. However, the Head of the Judiciary has sent the case twice to the Discernment Branch of the Supreme Court, whose decision is awaited. 18 Ahmad Nourzehi 12 sistan Baluchistan Revolutionary Court, 2005 from Sistan-Baluchistan, was sentenced to death for carrying and supplying heroin, apparently when he was 12. 19. Amir Tehran Branch 1156, Tehran Besat Judicial Complex 20. Akoo (or Abu) Hosseini Kordestan case # 1326, 3/November/2003 Branch 27, Supreme Court from Kordestan, was sentenced to qesas for murder. The sentence was upheld by Branch 27 of the Supreme Court. 21. Amir J. Tehran Branch 1601, Tehran Criminal Court, 22/Oct/2000 22. Ali 16 or 17 Tehran case # 2101, Tehran Children´s Court, April 2002 Branch 27, July 2002 23. Asghar Heidari 16 or 17 24. Ali Amiri (Afghan Citizen) 15 Shriar Branch 74, Tehran Criminal Court, 22/July/2007 On 19 November 2007 Afghan national, Ali Amiri, had his death sentence upheld by Branch 39 of the Supreme Court and his case was due to be sent to the Office for Implementation of Sentences. Ali Amiri was sentenced to death on 23 July 2007 by Branch 74 Tehran Criminal Court - 22 July 2007According to a 19 November report by the Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA), on 18 December 2005, Ali reportedly led an eight-year-old boy called Jan Ahmad (also known as Ahmad) onto the site of a partially built building in Shahriar, a city south-west of the capital, Tehran, where Ali allegedly sexually assaulted him before killing him. 25. Ashkan 16 Branch 122, Special Court for Children, 26/October/2003 26. Ali Alijan 17 Branch 71 Tehran General Court Ali Alijan was taken to be executed on 20 September 2006 for a crime committed when he was under the age of 18. He was taken to the gallows and had the noose tied around his neck. At the last minute, the family of his victim halted the Ali Alijan was sentenced to qesas for the murder of a young man called Behrooz in March 2004. During his trial before Branch 71 of Tehran Province Criminal Court, he insisted that the killing was not premeditated execution. 27. Behador Khaleqi 16 Branch 1, Saqez Public Court, 21/June/2005 Branch 27, Supreme Court, 13/March/2005 Behador Khaleqi was sentenced to qesas on 31 June 2005 by Branch 1 of Saqqez General Court for a killing committed when he was 16. The sentence was confirmed on 13 March 2006 by Branch 27 of the Supreme Court. According to details given in the verdict, on 7 May 2005 Behador Khaleqi and some friends were involved in a drunken fight with another group during which someone was killed. 28. Behnam Zare 15 Fars Fars Penal Court, 13/November /2005 Branch 33, Supreme Court, 14/May/2007 Behnam Zare’ was convicted of a murder committed when he was 15 years old. He has been detained since his arrest in Adelabad prison, in the south-western city of Shiraz. The murder reportedly took place on 21 April 2005, when Behnam Zare’ swung a knife during an argument with a man named Mehrdad, wounding him in the neck. Mehrdad later died in hospital. Behnam Zare’ was detained on 13 November 2005; Branch 5 of Fars Criminal Court sentenced him to qesas (retribution) for premeditated murder. The case went to appeal before Branch 33 of the Supreme Court where the sentence was upheld, and it has now been passed to the Office for Implementation of Sentences. 29. Behnoud Shojaee 17 Branch 74, Tehran General Court, 2/Oct/06 Branch 33, Supreme Court, 30/June/07 On 18 June 2005, Behnoud Shojaee, then aged 17, intervened to stop a fight between his friend Hesam and another boy named Omid in Park-e-Vanak in Tehran. Behnoud Shojaee managed to separate the two boys but Omid swore at him, started a fight and threatened him with a knife. During the fight Behnoud Shojaee picked a shard of glass and stabbed Omid once in the chest, before fleeing the scene. Behnoud Shojaee was sentenced to qesas (retribution) by Branch 74 of the Criminal Court in Tehran on 2 October 2006. During his trial, Behnoud Shojaee was not afforded legal representation and was therefore made to write a request for re-examination and re-trial of his case himself. According to his lawyer who recently took up his case, Behnoud Shojaee maintained throughout his trial that he only stabbed Omid once even though the coroner’s report stated that the victim died as a result of sustaining several injuries. His claims were never investigated and Behnoud Shojaee’s sentence was nevertheless confirmed by Branch 33 of the Supreme Court on 30 June 2007 30. Benyamin Rasouli 16 or 17 Karaj Branch 74, Tehran Penal Court Supreme Court, October 2005 31. Ebrahim Taleii, Tehran Branch 1602, Tehran Criminal Court, 25/July/1999 32. Fada Tehran Branch 71, Tehran Children´s Court, 5/March/2006 Branch 11, Supreme Court, March 2001 33. Faramarz Faramarz Branch 71, Tehran Penal Court, 2006 Branch 28, Supreme Court, September 2007 34. Farhad Tehran Branch 1157, Tehran Criminal Court 35 Farshad Sa’eedi 17 36 Farzad 15 37 Fazlorahman Jahraz 16 38 Feyz Mohammad, 16 (Afghanistan Citizen) 16 Karaj Branch 122, Karaj Children´s Court, September 2004 Feiz Mohammad, who is from neighboring Afghanistan, was tried and sentenced to death by judge Loqham Kia Pasha in Branch 122 of the Special Juvenile Court of Karaj, 40 kilometers west of the capital, Tehran. Mohammad was accused of stealing seven kilograms of pure morphine from his employer, a ranch owner, and giving it to a group of Afghan immigrants distributing drugs. He faced no other charges. 39 Feyzollah Soltani Yazd Revolutionary Court He was sentenced to death by a Revolutionary Court in Yazd for carrying and supplying drugs, and drug addiction 40 Gholamnabi Barahouti 16 Yazd Branch 10, Yazd Pubic Court, case # 2067, 6/February/2003 Branch 27, Supreme Court, case # 89 from Yazd, was sentenced to qesas for murder and theft, committed when he was 16, by Branch 10 of Yazd General Court on 6 February 2003. The sentence was upheld by Branch 27 of the Supreme Court. 41 Habib Afsar 15 Qom case # 1126-83 T, Qom Criminal Court from Qom, was sentenced to qesas for a murder committed when he was 15. 42 Hajer 16 Karaj Branch 122, Karaj Children´s Court, January 2006 43 Halat 44 Hamed 15 Hamed was sentenced to death in May 2007 for killing a neighbor at the age of 15. In his court testimony, he said he tricked the neighbour into giving him money, believing that Hamed meant to give it to his father. Later when the victim understood that Hamed had lied, they got into a fight, where Hamed stabbed the man. During his court testimony Hamed stated that he did not intend to kill, and asked forgiveness of the victim’s family. Although the two sons of the victim did not want Hamed to be executed, his 4 daughters demanded his death penalty. Thereafter the 5 judges unanimously confirmed the death penalty 45 Hamed Pour-Heydari 46 Hamid 17 Isfahan Branch 17, Isfahan Penal Court 47 Hamid 17 Shahriar Branch 71, Tehran Penal Court, October 2005 Hamid (surname unknown) was sentenced to qesas for murder by Branch 71 of Tehran Province General Court in October 2005. The crime was committed on 27 July 2004, when Hamid was 17 years old. According to reports, Hamid stabbed a man, Davood Karimi, during a scuffle with several men over an incident that had taken place earlier that day. He confessed to police, stating that he had stabbed Davood Karimi because he was surrounded by several men who were attacking him, but that he had not intended to kill him. The family of the victim asked to exercise their right to retribution and called for the execution to be carried out. No further details about the case are known. From Shahriar - Sentenced by Branch 71, Tehran Penal Court - October 2005- 48 Hamid Reza 14 Hamid Reza from Gorgan. 14 when allegedly committed murder. Arrested 2 hours after the crime. 49 Hamzeh Setani 17 He was sentenced to qesas for the murder of his 20-year-old friend, Mehdi, when he was only 17. During a quarrel with Mehdi, he stabbed him and he died seven months later in a hospital in Tehran Note: a youth called Hamzeh was pardoned in exchange for diyeh in 2007 but not clear if it was the same person 50 Hani Momeni Yasaghi Golestan Province Public Court of Gorgan, 20/November/2004 Branch 26, 9/March/2005 51 Hassan Tehran 51 Hasan Mozaffari Bushehr Bushehr criminal Court, case # 85/18 Branch 27, Suprem Court, case # 530/85 from Bushehr, was sentenced to death for rape with Mohammad Pezhman and Rahman Shahidi 52 Hedayat Niroumand 14 or 15 Hedayat Niroumand from Qarni village was reported to have been sentenced to qesas in December 2006 for killing his father. Hedayat Niroumand had reportedly been arrested six months earlier – in around June 2006. 53 Hossein Tehran Branch 37, Tehran Public Court, 11/April/1998 54 Hossein Haghi 17 Branch 74, Tehran General Court 5/Feb/2004 Branch 33 Supreme Court 25/June/2004 On 12 August 2003, Hossein Haghi, then aged 16, and his friend, known as Amrollah T, intervened to stop a fight between a friend of theirs and another boy, Mehdi Khalili. A number of others were also involved in the fight. According to his testimony, Hossein Haghi was held from behind, and Mehdi Khalili started hitting him. Hossein Haghi was able to free his hands, and retrieved a knife from his pocket to defend himself. Mehdi Khalili was killed by a knife wound to the chest. Upon his arrest, Hossein Haghi admitted to holding a knife and striking Mehdi Khalili to scare him away. However during his trial, Hossein Haghi denied stabbing Mehdi Khalili to death. On 8 February 2004 Hossein Haghi was sentenced to qesas (retribution) by Branch 74 of the Criminal Court. On 25 June 2004, the Supreme Court upheld his sentence. Hossein Haghi‘s defence lawyer lodged a petition demanding a review of the case. Though the petition was rejected, the case was re-examined, and has now been referred to Branch 33 of the Supreme Court by the Head of the Judiciary. 55 Hossein Toranj 17 56 Iman Hashemi 16 or 17 Isfahan From Esfahan. Iman Hashemi was 17 in June 2006 when his brother Majid was arrested for fatal stabbing of a man in a fight. Following his brother’s arrest, Iman Hashemi was said to have presented himself to the investigating authorities and confessed to having murdered. 57 Iman Nabavi, Semnan Branch 4, case # 15-471/85 58 Javad J. Tehran Branch 1602, Tehran Criminal Court 59 Javad Sh. 60 Javid 17 61 Kamal 17 Tehran Branch 71, Tehran General Court, 12/April/2008 A court in Tehran has sentenced a minor offender to death, reported the state run news agency ISCANEWS. He is identified as Kamal (17) and is charged for murdering Shahin (24) one year ago, (10 April 2007) according to the report. It is not clear whether Kamal was 17 at bthe time of the alleged crime or he is 17 years old now. 62 Khodamorad Shahemzadeh 17 sistan Baluchistan 63 Khosrow 16 Branch 74, Tehran General Court November 2007 Khosrow aged 16 sentenced to death for the murder of 20 year -old roomate Amin on 12 July 2007— Sentenced Branch 74 Tehran General Court in November 2007 64 Mahmoud 17 65 Majid Afshari Tehran Branch 1603, Tehran Criminal Court Supreme Court, May 1999 66 Masoud Kafshir 17 67 Mehdi 16 Branch 71, Tehran Children´s Court, 5/March/2006 Supreme Court, 30/May/2006 A criminal court in Robat-e Karim sentenced Mehdi (surname unknown) to qesas in March 2006 for killing a boy, Hamid, according to Hamshahri newspaper. His brother Morteza was sentenced to a term of imprisonment for complicity in murder. According to the report, Mehdi stabbed Hamid with a knife during a fight in a park in Robat Karim, killing him. At the time of the trial, Mehdi was 18 and Morteza was 21. The incident had happened two years earlier, when Mehdi would have been 16. Hamshahri reported that Mehdi accepted the charge of intentional murder and that the mother of the victim had asked the court for a qesas sentence. Branch 71, Tehran Children´s Court, 68 Mehdi Azimi 69 Mehdi Ghandali Semnan Samnan Penal Court Branch 4 , 16/June/2006 70 Mehdi Bakhtiari Tehran Branch 74,Tehran Children´s Court Branch 27, Supreme Court, November 2004 71 Mehran 17 Karaj Branch 77, Tehran Children´s Court 72 Mehrdad 17 Tehran Branch 71, Tehran´S Children´s Court, 4/Feb/2006 73 Mehyar 17 Branch 2106 Tehran Children’s Court, Mehyar (surname unknown) was arrested in December 1999 for the murder of a 58-year-old woman in her home during a burglary. He was sentenced to qesas by Branch 2106 of Tehran General Court. He also received a sentence of flogging for possession of alcoholic drinks, and three years’ imprisonment for theft. It is common in Iran that people sentenced to prison terms in addition to the death penalty serve some or all of their prison sentence before execution. 74 Mehyar Haghgoo 17 Rasht Branch 102, Rasht Penal Court Mehyar is accused of killing his abusive and alcoholic father. According to the report at the time of alleged murder , Mehyar’s father was beating up his mother. Mehyar seem to have suffered from temporary insanity at the time. Mehyar’s mother is jointly accused of murder of her husband. Mehyar Haghgoo’s death sentence has been confirmed by a court in the city of Rasht, 75 Mehyar Anvari 17 Golestan Province Branch 6, Khoramabad Public Court, 13/June/2004 case #690, Branch 27, Supreme Court from Golestan, was sentenced to qesas for a murder committed when he was 17, by Branch 3 of Khorramabad General Court. The sentence was confirmed by Branch 27 of the Supreme Court. 76 Mehyar Zamani 16 Branch 102, Rasht Children´s Court 77 Milad Bakhtiari 16 or 17 Tehran case # 2106, Tehran Children´s Court, August 2002 78 Mohammad Ahmadi 16 Ghazvin 79 Mohammad Fadaee 17 Mohammad Feda’i attended a snooker club with his friends in Robat Karim, a town near the city of Karaj, in Tehran province, when one of his friends was involved in a fight with a group of about 17 young men. According to his testimony, Mohammad Feda’i tried to break up the fight, but a boy named Said started to hit him with a piece of wood. Mohammad Feda’i, who was holding a knife handed to him by one of his friends, then, according to his account, fell over. As Said was about to hit him again, he fatally stabbed Said once in self defence. Said was transferred to hospital, where died three hours later.The case went before Branch 71 of the Tehran Criminal Court and Mohammad Feda’i was sentenced to qesas (retribution) for the murder of Said on 12 March 2005. Although the five sentencing judges in his case found Mohammad Feda’i guilty, they also acknowledged in their written verdict that the stabbing was an act of self-defence and that he had not been adequately represented at his trial, as his first legal representative was not an accredited lawyer, and two lawyers hired later had only submitted one written defence statement to the court during his trial. Nevertheless, the death sentence against Mohammad Feda’i was upheld by Branch 27 of the Supreme Court, and has been approved by the Head of the Judiciary. Mohammad Feda’i had been due to be executed on 18 April 2007. However, the execution was stayed on the basis of the inadequate legal representation during his trial. A subsequent request to the Attorney General for a retrial was rejected, and a new execution date was set. 80 Mohammad Ghos 17 Court in Mashhad Mohammad Ghos (son of Mohmmad Sharif) is an Afghan boy who is facing execution in Iran. Mohammad was arrested at the age of 17 in Iran and charged with smuggling narcotics. Mohammad was arrested in Havai circle of the city of Mashhad in Eastern part of Iran. He was charged with carrying 820 grams of crystal meth which he had swallowed before crossing the Iranian border with a false passport. Mohammad was from the village of Faghedan near the city of Harat in Afghanistan. Mohammad was sentenced to death by a court in Mashad, Iran and he is presently kept in Vakilabad prison. 81 Mohammad Jahedi 16 Fasa Branch 4, Fasa Public Court, 25/December/2003 Branch 27, Supreme Court Mohammad Jahedi is sentenced to death for a murder committed when he was 16. He has spent 5 years in the Adel Abad prison of the central city of Shiraz. 82 Mohammad Jamali Paghale 15 Mohammad Jamali Paghale was 15 when he allegedly killed his friend. He was initially sentenced to five years’ imprisonment by a children’s court. However, the Supreme Court overturned this and issued a death sentence. 83 Mohammad M. Shiraz Shiraz Criminal Court, 2004 Supreme Court 84 Mohammad Mavari 16 Golestan Province Branch 2, Kerdkoori Public Court, 18/August/2000 Branch 40, case # 40/28 85 Mohammad Pezhman Bushehr Branch 27, Supreme Court, case # 530/85 from Bushehr, was sentenced to death for rape with Hassan Mozaffari and Rahman Shahidi 86 Mohammadreza Tehran case # 1602, Tehran Criminal Court Branch 33, 30/September/2002 87 Mohammadreza Haddadi 16 Shiraz Branch 42, Supreme Court Mohammadreza Haddadi was sentenced to death by hanging for an alleged murder of an old man at the age of 15. Mohammadreza is now 18 years old and is kept at the Adelabad prison in the central city of Shiraz, Iran. His appeal has been denied by the superior court and the file has been sent to the division of enforcement of verdicts and awaiting the final execution permit by Ayatollah Shahrudi, the head of Iran’s judiciary. 88 Mohammdshah Ghaderi Tehran Branch 1608, Tehran Criminal Court, June 1999 89 Mohammad (Alias: Seyfollah) Tehran Branch 71, Tehran´S Children´s Court, 23/Jan/2006 90 Mojtaba 17 Tehran case # 1188 , Tehran Children´s Court, August 2003 91 Morteza 17 Tehran Branch 74, Tehran Penal Court 92 Morteza Feizi 16 or 17 93 Mosleh Zamani 17 2006 Branch 27, Supreme Court July 2007 Mosleh Zamani, who was sentenced to death in 2006, is now is facing imminent execution. His sentence was upheld by Iran’s Supreme Court in early July. His sentence, which was delivered on 17 July to judicial authorities charged with carrying out verdicts, could be carried out at any time. He is held in Sanandaj.He was reportedly found guilty of abducting a woman some 10 years older than him, with whom he was allegedly having a relationship, and forcing her to have sex with him. There are conflicting reports as to whether Mosleh Zamani was aged 17 or 18 at the time the alleged abduction took place. 94 Mostafa 16 Tehran Branch 74, Tehran Criminal Court Branch 33, Supreme Court, August 2005 Mostafa (surname unknown) was convicted in around August 2005 of killing an intoxicated man in the Pars district of Tehran. According to the report, Mostafa was 16 years old at the time and had been trying to stop the man from harassing a girl. The man reportedly started hitting Mostafa, who eventually killed him in the ensuing scuffle. 95 Mostafa Sa’idi Central Province Saveh General and Revolutionary Court Branch 42, Supreme Court 96 Mostafa Naghdi 97 Nabavat Baba’I 17 In 2002 or 2003, a game between 17-year-old Nabovat Baba’i and another youth, Zabihollah Qasemian, turned serious after Zabihollah allegedly broke a light on Nabovat Baba’i’s motorbike and fled into a nearby shop. Nabovat Baba’i followed him in and allegedly threw a metal rod at his head, injuring him. Delays in getting Zabihollah Qasemian to hospital contributed to his death. The court sentenced Nabovat Baba’i to qesas, which was confirmed by the Supreme Court in 2006. The victim’s father does not want retribution, but the victim’s mother does. 98 Naeem Kolbali 15 sistan baluchistan Branch 102, Zahedan Criminal Court from Sistan-Baluchistan, was sentenced to qesas for drug addiction when he was 15, by Branch 102 of Zahedan General Court. 99 Naser Qasemi 15 Naser Qasemi, a resident of Siyah Kamar Sofla, near Mahidasht, Kermanshah, was only 15 years old at the time of the killing for which he was convicted. He has been in prison facing execution for more than eight years, during which he has been sentenced to death on no less than three occasions. According to the verdict, issued on 20 August 1999, Naser Qasemi went with his uncle to a farm to steal maize. The owners noticed them and tried to stop them. In the fight, the uncle’s gun allegedly fell to the ground and Naser Qasemi fired it. One person died. The uncle escaped but Naser Qasemi was arrested. Naser Qasemi was tried in October or November 1999 and sentenced to payment of diyeh. Branch 37 of the Supreme Court ruled that this verdict contravened Islamic law, and subsequently Branch 29 of Kermanshah General Court sentenced Naser Qasemi to qesas. The Supreme Court then found the verdict deficient because of the lack of a confession. Branch 33 of Kermanshah General Court sentenced him to qesas again, and Branch 37 of the Supreme Court confirmed the sentence. At the stage of seeking permission for execution, the Assistant Public Prosecutor of the Supreme Court ruled that the investigation should have been conducted by the children’s court and sent it there for investigation. Subsequently, Branch 106 of Kermanshah Criminal Court (Children) again sentenced Naser Qasemi to qesas. The relatives of the victim want 70 million rials (approximately US$7,500) as diyeh which Naser Qasemi’s family cannot raise. 100 Nemat 16 or 17 Isfahan Branch 106, Isfahan Criminal Court Supreme Court, 1/May/2006 Ne’mat (surname unknown) was 17 when the Supreme Court upheld his death sentence in around May 2006, placing him at imminent risk of execution. Ne’mat was reportedly arrested for the January 2003 murder of his sister Zohra’s husband, Haydar Ali. According to children’s rights activist and lawyer Nasrin Sotudeh, he was 15 years old at the time.After his arrest, Ne’mat reportedly denied involvement in the killing. However, following interrogation, he confessed. He was tried before Branch 106 of the General Court in Esfahan and sentenced to qesas 101 Nosrat 15 15 year old Nosrat was initially convicted of murder by a lower court judge, but was found innocent by 2 of the 5 judges in an Iranian appeal court. During the appeal process 3 of the panel of 5 judges confirmed the death penalty, but the 2 others voted against it, stating that the mental age and maturity must be given the priority. Since the 5 judges could not come to a unanimous decision, the case is sent to the Iran’s supreme court for final determination. 102 Omarraddin Alkuzehi 17 Yazd Branch 101, Taft Public Court, 12/January/2003 Branch 26, Supreme Court from Yazd, who was sentenced to qesas for murder committed when he was 17 by Branch 101 of Taft General Court on 31 December 2003. The sentence was upheld by Branch 26 of the Supreme Court. 103 Omid Sarani 17 sistan Baluchistan Branch 102, Zahedan Criminal Court from Sistan-Baluchistan, was sentenced to qesas for a murder committed when he was 17, by Branch 102 of Zahedan General Court. 104 Rahim Ahmadi 16 Fars Branch 5, Fars Penal Court, 20/January/2007 Branch 37, Supreme Court 105 Rahman Shahidi Bushehr Bushehr criminal Court, case # 85/18 Branch 27, Supreme Court, case # 530/85 from Bushehr, was sentenced to death for rape with Hassan Mozaffari and Mohammad Pezhman 106 Ramdar 17 Shiraz case # 12, Shiraz, June 2004 107 Ramin Golshani Tehran Tehran Criminal Court, November 1997 Supreme Court, June 1998 108 Rasoul Eyvatvandi 17 Rasoul Eyvatvandi was 17 when he shot dead one of his friends in an act of revenge. He was sentenced to qesas, which was confirmed by the Supreme Court. 109 Rasoul Mohammadi 17 Rasoul Mohammadi was 17 when he was scheduled to be executed at the same time as his father, Mousa Ali Mohammadi. Both were to be flogged 74 times before their execution. Rasoul Mohammadi and his father had been found guilty by a court in Esfahan of abducting 40 young girls, stealing their jewellery and raping at least four of them. They apparently confessed to the charges during interrogation. They were sentenced to 25 years’ imprisonment, flogging and execution. Their sentences were upheld by the Supreme Court. On 11 April 2005, the Assistant Public Prosecutor for the Office of Sentence Implementation announced that Mousa Ali Mohammadi would be publicly hanged on 16 April in Esfahan at 6.30am, and that his 17-year-old son would be hanged at the same time inside Esfahan Central Prison. However, prior to the execution, the case was referred back to the Supreme Court, apparently because of Rasoul Mohammadi’s age. Mousa Ali Mohammadi was publicly executed in Esfahan as scheduled, but Rasoul Mohammadi received a stay of execution, reportedly because of ambiguities about his age. 110 Rasoul Nouriyani Hamedan Hamedan Penal Court from Hamedan, was sentenced to death for rape by Hamedan General Court. 111 Rasoul Safari 17 Gilangharb Branch 1 Gilangharb General Court Branch 33 Supreme court found verdict deficienct. Not clear what happened subsequently Rasoul Safari was sentenced to qesas by Branch 1 of the General Court of Gilangharb on 7 September 2005 for a killing committed when he was 17. On 19 March 2006 Branch 33 of the Supreme Court found the verdict deficient. According to reports, on 5 November 2004 Rasoul Safari had gone to the mountains with two friends. That evening, the man who was subsequently killed went to the mountains with a friend intending to frighten Rasoul Safari and his friends as a joke. They scared the three friends by throwing stones and howling like a wild animal. The three hurried from the mountains, but the man followed them and, with his head and face hidden, attacked them with a club (gorz). This led to a fight between the man and the three friends, during which Rasoul Safari allegedly killed the man with a stab to the stomach. During the trial, Rasoul Safari denied the charge and said: "I did not carry out a killing. The confessions I made were [made] under …torture." 112 Reza 16 Tehran case # 1157, Tehran Criminal Court, June 2003 113 Reza Islamshahr October, 2003 114 Reza 15 Shiraz Branch 2, Fars Province General Court, September 2007 Reza, aged 15, from Marvdasht, was reportedly sentenced to death in mid-September 2007 by a Court in Fars south western Iran. He was reportedly sentenced to death along with Mohammad, aged 18, charged with the rape and murder in April 2007 of Karim Tajik, aged 9, and Mohammed Shiri, aged 10. Reza and Mohammad were also reportedly sentenced to three years imprisonment and 100 lashes each. Two other defendants were reportedly involved in the case; one of them was acquitted and the other sentenced to flogging. According to Reza’s lawyer, Reza was raped the day before the murder and was made to “confess” under torture. During a court appearance, Reza reportedly said: “… Prior to committing the crime, I was raped several times by my friends who are defendants in the case. They filmed me while raping me and threatened that they would distribute the film in town if I did not cooperate with them. I was forced to cooperate with them for fear of my family’s honour…” 115 Reza Alinejad 17 Branch 10, Fasa General Court 15/June 2005 Supreme Court 9 May 2006 Reza Alinejad was sentenced to death or a killing committed when he was 17 years old. The incident happened on 26 December 2002 in a street in Fasa, a city near Shiraz in central Iran. Reza Alinejad says that two men attacked him and his friend, with a martial arts weapon. He says he pulled out a pocket knife during the struggle and accidentally stabbed and killed Esmail Daroudi. In December 2004 the Supreme Court rejected the death sentence, accepting that Reza Alinejad had acted in self-defence. The Supreme Court sent the case back to another lower court for investigation. The case was heard by Branch 101 of Fasa Provincial Criminal Court, which on 15 June 2005 sentenced Reza Alinejad to death again. It concluded that Reza Alinejad could have fled the scene and had therefore acted unreasonably. On 9 May 2006, the Supreme Court upheld the death sentence. 116 Seyed Reza Hejazi 15 Isfahan Reza Hejazi – then aged 15 - was among a small group of people involved in a dispute with a man on 18 September 2004, which resulted in the man being fatally stabbed. Reza Hejazi was arrested and tried for murder, and on 14 November 2005 he was sentenced to Qesas (retribution) by Branch 106 of the Esfahan General Court. The sentence was approved by Branch 28 of the Supreme Court on 6 June 2006, although under Iranian law he should have been tried in a juvenile court. The case was referred for mediation between Reza Hejazi and the victim’s family, to try and arrange for the payment of diyeh, but no sum has yet been agreed. If no agreement is reached, Reza Hejazi will be executed. 117 Reza Padashi 16 Branch 71, Tehran Penal Court, 20/February/2005 Branch 37, Supreme Court,3/September/2006 Reza Padashi was sentenced to death for killing his friend in 2003, when he was 16. 118 Saber 119 Sadegh Ahmadpour Chahar Mahal/Bakhtiari Branch 104, Shahrkurd Public Court Branch 27, Supreme Court, 23/July/2006 Sadegh Ahmadpour was sentenced to qesas for a killing committed when he was 17 by Branch 104 of Shahikord General Court. The sentence was upheld by Branch 27 of the Supreme Court on 22 July 2004. 120 Saeed Jazee 17 Branch 1183, Children´s Court, 21/May/2005 Saeed Jazee’s death sentence has been approved by the Head of the Judiciary. Saeed Jazee, a sculptor, is held in a young offenders centre in Karaj, Tehran Province. He was convicted of the murder of a 22-year-old man, which took place in 2003 when he was 17 years old, and sentenced to qesas (retribution). The Supreme Court rejected his appeal, and his case was sent for final approval to the Head of the Judiciary, Ayatollah Mahmoud Hashemi Shahroudi. The killing apparently took place after Saeed Jazee had gone to a friend’s sandwich shop, helped himself to a sandwich and started eating it. The 22-year-old man, who had just started working at the shop and did not know Saeed, started arguing with him about the sandwich and attacked him with a kitchen knife. During the scuffle, the knife fell to the floor and Saeed picked it up at the same time as the man charged at him and was wounded in the process. Saeed Jazee and the other employees in the shop tried to help him. During the trial, the shop’s other employees stated that the killing had been accidental. Saeed Jazee has repeatedly stated that the killing was not intentional. 121 Saeed Arab Golestan Province Pubilc and Revolutionary Court of Gorgan From Golestan, he was sentenced to qesas for murder 122 Saeed Heydari Tehran 60 123 Safar Angooti 17 Branch 71, Tehran General Court A 17-year-old Iranian youth who knifed and killed a rival suitor for a girl has been sentenced to death by a court in Tehran, a newspaper said on 27/4/08. The accused attacked the victim after finding out he was talking to the girl in question, the Etemad daily said. "I have killed him but not intentionally," the young man, identified only with his first name, Safar, told the court. "I did this because I was inexperienced and I was angry. I ask them (the family of the victim) to forgive me," he said. But the victim’s father said Safar had killed his son Mehdi and deserved the punishment. "I don’t know the reason why they got into a fight but Safar has killed my son and he should be killed," he said. 124 Safarali Tehran Branch 1156, Tehran Besat Judicial Complex 125 Sajjad 17 126 Salah Taseb 15 Sanandaj Salah Taseb son of Nameq born 1990 who committed murder in the age of 15, was transferred to Sanandaj prison yesterday (22 June 08) from Youth Offending Centre for his sentence to be carried out. He has just turned 18. He and his family have been told that his execution is being scheduled for end of Tir 1387 = 23rd June till 23rd July 2008.) 127 Salman Akbari 17 Ardebil Public Court of Arshagh, 14/July/2003 case # 2-8728/7 From Ardabil, he was sentenced to death in July 2003 for a killing committed when he was 17. 128 Siyavash Shirnejad Lorestan Branch 107, Khoramabad Criminal Court, 9/May/2006 From Nosratan, he was sentenced to qesas for murder by Branch 107 of Khorramabad General Court on 9 May 2006 129 Vahid 16 Tehran Branch 71, Tehran Children´s Court, 6/Nov/2004 Vahid was reportedly sentenced to death for the murder of his friend Mehdi. He claims that he killed him in self-defence after he tried to sexually assault him. No further details are known. A youth named Vahid was executed in Evin Prison in September 2006, but it is not clear if this was the same person or not. 130 Zahir 15 Tehran case # 77, Tehran Children´s Court, 2004 131 Zolf’ali Hamzeh, Central Province Branch 2, Saveh General Court From Central Province, he was sentenced to qesas for rape and murder by Branch 2 of Saveh General Court 132 Unknown 17 June 3 - 2004 Supreme Court,20/June/2006 133 Unknown Kerman Branch 101, Kerman Court Supreme Court At least 16 Afghan Nationals Khorasan According to the Child Rights Support Section of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC), at least a further 16 juvenile offenders are reportedly held in prisons in Iran charged with drug smuggling. In October 2007, the Iranian deputy foreign affairs minister denied that any Afghan children had been executed or were under sentence of death. He said that drug smuggling was a crime in Iran and that those who do this and are minors will be tried in a special court for children, and will not be sentenced to death penalty. In fact, anyone who commits this crime, be they Iranian or foreigners will be dealt with through legal channels. On 2 November 2007, the Afghan Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Kabul summoned the Iranian representative there to complain, amongst other things, about reports that Afghan minors had been sentenced to death for smuggling drugs. The Deputy Foreign Minister, Mohammad Kabir Farahi reportedly said “these children are being misused by drug smugglers and their conviction is contrary to human rights, international standards and the very good relations between two countries.” SAUDI ARABIA (3): 1 Rizana Nafeek (female) 17 2 Sultan Bin Sulayman Bin Muslim al-Muwallad 15 3 Issa bin Muhammad ‘Umar Muhammad 13 SUDAN (3): 1 Abdelrhman Zakaria Mohamed 16 2 Ahmed Abdullah Suleiman 16 3 Al-Tayeb Abdel Aziz 16 YEMEN (1): 1 Hafez Ibrahim