Iran Human Rights (IHRNGO); January 3, 2022: Mohammadali Alizadeh (Ghaljayi) and Jalil Eshterak, two Baluch men sentenced to qisas (retribution-in-kind) for murder, were executed in Zahedan and Zabol Prisons respectively.
According to information obtained by Iran Human Rights, a Baluch man was executed in Zabol Prison on January 1. His identity has been established as Jalil Eshterak, who was sentenced to qisas for murder.
Jalil Eshterak was arrested on charges of murdering someone he knew in 2019 and sentenced to qisas.
Another Baluch man, 72-year-old Mohammadali Alizadeh (Ghaljayi), was executed in silence in Zahedan Central Prison on 4 November 2021. He had also been sentenced to qisas for murder.
Mohammadali Alizadeh was involved in a mass fight in 2017 which had ended with someone being killed. He was subsequently arrested and sentenced to death but had maintained his innocence.
At the time of writing, neither of their executions have been reported by domestic media or officials in Iran.
According to Iran Human Rights’ Annual Report on the Death Penalty, at least 211 of the 267 people executed in 2020 were sentenced to qisas (retribution-in-kind) for "premeditated murder."
As there are no legal distinctions made between murder and manslaughter, whether voluntary or involuntary in Iran, those charged under the umbrella term of “premeditated murder” will receive the death penalty regardless of intent and the circumstances.