The 11th annual report on the death penalty by Iran Human Rights (IHR) and ECPM (Together Against the Death Penalty) is the first report since the implementation of the new amendments to the Anti Narcotic law.
The report provides an assessment and analysis of the death penalty trends in 2018 in the Islamic Republic of Iran. It sets out the number of executions in 2018, the trend compared to previous years, the legislative framework and procedures, charges, geographic distribution and a monthly breakdown of executions. Lists of the female and juvenile offenders executed in 2018 are also included in the tables. Drug-related executions one year after enforcement of new amendments to the Anti-Narcotic law are reviewed. The old Anti-narcotics law and new amendment, along with its strengths and weaknesses, are discussed.
The report also looks into the abolitionist movement within Iran, including the forgiveness movement and its contribution to limit the use of the death penalty, and some information about the crackdown on human rights defenders.
In 2019 Iran will have its 4th UPR, it will be the opportunity for Iran to engage in a constructive dialogue on human rights. UPR recommendations on the death penalty which were given in the previous round, and none of which Iran accepted, are included at the end of the report.
The 2018 report is the result of hard work from IHR members and supporters who took part in reporting, documenting, collecting, analyzing and writing its content. We are especially grateful to IHR sources inside Iran who, by reporting on unannounced and secret executions in 26 different prisons, incur significant risk. Due to the very difficult context, the lack of transparency and the obvious risks and limitations that human rights defenders face in the Islamic Republic of Iran, this report does not give a complete picture of the use of the death penalty in Iran by any means. There are reported execution cases which are not included in this report due to a lack of sufficient details or an inability to confirm cases through two different sources. However, this report tries to give the most complete and realistic figures possible in the present circumstances.