Iran Human Rights (IHRNGO); July 31, 2023: Shahsavar Shahriari, Saeed Barahouyi , Ali Barahouyi and Khodarahm Mohammadani, four Baluch men sentenced to death for drug-related charges, were secretly executed in Zahedan Central Prison.
According to Hal Vash, 4 Baluch men were secretly executed in Zahedan Central Prison on 30 and 31 July. Their identities have been reported as 53-year-old Shahsavar Shahriari (Palangi), 38-year-old Saeed Barahouyi (Aref), 39-year-old Ali Barahouyi (Khan Mohammad) and 55-year-old Khodarahm Mohammadani (Latif).
Shahsavar was executed on 30 July and the other three men were executed on 31 July. They were all sentenced to death for drug-related charges by the Revolutionary Court.
Another Baluch man, Bidollah Gorgij was also previously reported as being secretly executed at the same prison on 30 July.
At the time of writing, none of their executions have been reported by domestic media or officials in Iran.
Ethnic minorities, the Baluch in particular, are grossly overrepresented in execution numbers in Iran. In 2022, at least 174 Baluch minorities including 3 women, were executed in 22 prisons across Iran, making up 30% of overall executions. This is while they represent just 2-6% of Iran’s population. Furthermore, in the first six months of 2023, 20% of the at least 354 executions were Baluch people.
Baluch minorities also represented almost half of drug-related executions in 2022. 47.3% of the 256 people executed for drug-related charges were Baluch.
Drug-related executions have continuously risen every year for the past three years. At least 206 people were executed for drug-related charges in the first six months of 2023, a 126% rise compared to the same period in 2022 when 91 were executed. 40 people were executed in the same period in 2021.
The number of drug executions dramatically dropped in 2018 following a 2017 Amendment to the Anti-Narcotics Laws. Consequently, drug executions ranged between 24-30 per annum between 2018-2020. The Amendment was reversed in practice in 2021 when executions increased ten-fold to 126 in 2021 and doubled again in 2022 with 256 drug-related executions.