/ IHRights#Iran: Hossein Amaninejad and Hamed Yavari were executed in Hamedan Central Prison on 11 June. Hossein was arrested… https://t.co/3lnMTwFH6z13 Jun

3 Men Executed for Drug Charges in Birjand; 4 Executed that Day

28 Dec 23
3 Men Executed for Drug Charges in Birjand; 4 Executed that Day

Iran Human Rights (IHRNGO); December 28, 2023: Ahmad Gorgij and Mohammad Hesari, two Baluch minorities, and an unidentified man were all executed for drug-related charges in Birjand Central Prison. With the previously reported execution of Esmail Ghader Magham, four people were executed that day at the prison.

According to Haal Vsh, three men were executed in Birjand Central Prison on 27 December. Two of the men’s identities have been reported as Ahmad Gorgij, a 30-year-old Baluch man from Zabol and 55-year-old Mohammad Hesari from Kermanshah. The third man who has not been identified was also a Baluch minority.

Both Mohammad Gorgij and Mohammad Hesari were arrested for drug-related charges around four years ago and sentenced to death by the Revolutionary Court.

The execution of Esmail Ghader Magham was previously reported at the prison that day, bringing the total number to four people.

At the time of writing, none of their executions have been reported by domestic media or officials in Iran.

Ethnic minorities, the Baluch in particular, are grossly overrepresented in execution numbers in Iran. In 2022, at least 174 Baluch minorities including 3 women, were executed in 22 prisons across Iran, making up 30% of overall executions. This is while they represent just 2-5% of Iran’s population. Furthermore, at least 274 Baluch people have been executed for drug-related charges since 2021, 40% of all drug executions in that time period.

Drug-related executions have continuously risen every year for the past three years. At least 305 people were executed for drug-related charges between 1 January-10 October 2023, a 69% increase compared to the same period in 2022, and the number of drug-related executions in 2023 were close to 20 times higher than 2020.

The number of drug executions dramatically dropped in 2018 following a 2017 Amendment to the Anti-Narcotics Laws. Consequently, drug executions ranged between 24-30 per annum between 2018-2020. The Amendment was reversed in practice in 2021 when executions increased ten-fold to 126 in 2021 and doubled again in 2022 with 256 drug-related executions. On 13 September 2023, IHRNGO reported a 94% rise in the number of drug-related executions in the year following the start of the “Woman, Life, Freedom” movement in September 2022.